In this HackerRank Ruby Array - Addition problem solution Arrays provide a variety of methods that allow to add elements to them.

push allows one to add an element to the end of the list.

 >x = [1,2]

 >x.push(3)

 => [1,2,3]

insert allows one to add one or more elements starting from a given index (shifting elements after the given index in the process).

 >x = [1,2]

 >x.insert(1, 5, 6, 7)

 => [1, 5, 6, 7, 2]

unshift allows one or more elements to be added at the beginning of the list.

 >x = [1,2,3]

 >x.unshift(10, 20, 30)

 => [10, 20, 30, 1, 2, 3]

In this challenge, your task is to complete three functions that take in the array arr and

  1. Add an element to the end of the list
  2. Add an element to the beginning of the list
  3. Add an element after a given index (position)
  4. Add more than one element after a given index (position)


HackerRank Ruby Array - Addition problem solution


Problem solution.

def end_arr_add(arr, element)
    # Add `element` to the end of the Array variable `arr` and return `arr`
    arr.push(element)
end

def begin_arr_add(arr, element)
    # Add `element` to the beginning of the Array variable `arr` and return `arr`
    arr.unshift(element)
end

def index_arr_add(arr, index, element)
    # Add `element` at position `index` to the Array variable `arr` and return `arr`
    arr.insert(index, element)
end

def index_arr_multiple_add(arr, index)
    # add any two elements to the arr at the index
    arr.insert(index, 4, 2)
end


Second solution.

def end_arr_add(arr, element)
    # Add `element` to the end of the Array variable `arr` and return `arr`
    arr.push( element )
end

def begin_arr_add(arr, element)
    # Add `element` to the beginning of the Array variable `arr` and return `arr`
    arr.unshift( element )
end

def index_arr_add(arr, index, element)
    # Add `element` at position `index` to the Array variable `arr` and return `arr`
    arr.insert( index, element )
end

def index_arr_multiple_add(arr, index)
    # add any two elements to the arr at the index
    arr.insert( index, 'foo', 'bar' )
end